What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS) is a certain condition in women, in which there is increased production of androgens (male hormones) in them. In women, ovaries start producing male hormones in unusual amounts in the body, which consequently raises different problems. 

Androgen is already present in women but in low amounts. Their excessive amount creates a number of issues in women’s lives. As the name indicates, it can also create cysts in ovaries. It can vary from person to person in the severity of this syndrome. It mostly appears in twenties and thirties, in child bearing age, when they feel difficulty in conceiving and consult their doctor, they are mostly diagnosed with this.


The symptoms can vary from person to person depending on the intensity from mild-severe. You can make a diagnosis on the basis of symptoms as well. A woman can experience the following symptoms:

  • Irregular periods
  • Difficulty in conceiving
  • Cysts in ovaries
  • Excessive hair growth  in different parts of body
  • Hair fall
  • Acne
  • Weight gain
  • Darker areas near armpit or under the breasts
  • Showing male patterns (about hairs on chin even)


There is no certain cause diagnosed yet. However, some of them are listed below:

  1. Genes

PCOS can be genetically inherited from mothers and sisters as well. If it runs in the family, it is more likely to get in other females in the family.

  1. Insulin levels

The level of insulin resistance becomes high in overweight women. It is a hormone responsible for changing food into energy. In the stage of insulin resistance, the body does not respond to it. Ultimately, the level of insulin becomes higher in the body. This ratio is higher in women with obesity, unbalanced lifestyle; no physical exertion can ultimately lead to PCOS.

  1. Obesity

Obesity is among the major causes of PCOS. In this state, the level of insulin becomes higher due to insulin resistance. This can disturb the whole body system and can cause abnormal production of androgen as well.

  1. High levels of androgen

Androgens are also known as male hormones. However, women’s bodies already produce it in small amounts. This hormone is responsible for male traits like hairs on chin and other body parts and less hairs on head. The overproduction of this hormone can cause the ovary to stop producing eggs. It can also develop excessive hair growth and acne (symptoms of PCOS).


There are no specific tests for PCOS. Some can be held which can help to lead to diagnosis.

  • Physical examination

In this kind of examination, the doctor checks the symptoms and period cycle. Symptoms like hair growth, over weightage especially around waist and belly and all other above mentioned symptoms will be checked. He will also check your blood pressure, body weight and thyroid tests.

  • Blood tests

Blood tests can be done to check the level of androgens (male hormones) in the body. Other blood tests can be done to check other related medical issues as well like thyroid.

  • Ultrasound

Ultrasound can be done to check the presence of cysts in ovaries. Through it, he will also be able to check the size and structure of the womb.

  • Pelvic examination

Physical examination of the pelvis will help to know the condition of the womb, for instance, if its swollen or enlarged.

PCOS lead to other diseases:

  • Diabetes

The increased level of insulin in blood automatically results in diabetes. It’s a lifelong condition in which sugar levels become too high. The most common type in PCOS patients is diabetes 2.

  • Cancer

Women having very less ratio of periods like 3-4 times per year for a long time period are mostly likely to develop womb cancer.

  • Blood pressure

High blood pressure and cholesterol are often observed in PCOS patients.

  • Sleep issues

One can have a sleep disorder called sleep can show in overweight women where they can have breathing problems and difficulty during sleep.

  • Depression

PCOS can cause depression and anxiety problems. It can be because of mood swings and severe symptoms shown during PCOS. It can cause them to become too worried and anxious about their appearance.


  • Medications

Different medicines can be given to regulate the period’s cycle. Medicines to help in conceiving and producing eggs can also be inculcated in the cycle. Some medicines will also help in preventing problems of the womb, which ultimately can reduce the risk of cancer.

  • Birth control pills 

If someone is not trying to conceive, one can also be given birth control pills to regulate the menstrual cycle and keep balance among hormones.

  • Food

Different kinds of healthy foods can be made a part of lifestyle which will definitely help in treating PCOS. Some of them are

  • Natural foods
  • Leafy green vegetables
  • High fibers
  • Fatty fishes
  • Nuts
  • Dark red fruits 

Seed cycling:

It is also considered very helpful in treating and regulating this issue. One has to alternate with pumpkin and flax seeds according to the guidelines given by the doctor.

Health problems like PCOS become the root cause of infertility. That is why it is important to get proper treatment of these hormonal disorders. You can consult the best gynecologist in Lahore through Marham for problems related to gynecological health.