Dacryoadenitis Disease And How To Treat It
Dacryoadenitis is a condition where there is inflammation or inflammation of the lacrimal gland. The lacrimal glands are the glands in the eye that secrete tears. This is a rare condition that can be severe or acute. This situation can occur in someone who suffers from mumps. Acute dacryoadenitis can cause acute tear insufficiency. Dacryoadenitis or inflammation of the lacrimal glands rarely occurs in children. This inflammation may occur in parotitis which usually in this case is acute and bilateral dacryoadenitis, receding in more than one day or more than one week. It can also occur in infectious mononucleosis. Severe dacryoadenitis is associated with certain systemic diseases, notably sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and syphilis. Some systemic diseases can cause swelling of the lacrimal and salivary glands (Mickulicz syndrome).
How to Diagnose Dacryoadenitis
The diagnosis of dacryoadenitis can be established through anamnesis with complaints of pain and swelling in the eyelid area. Physical examination reveals erythema, tenderness, and lacrimal gland enlargement superotemporal to the lateral drooping of the lids. Laboratory studies, imaging and biopsies may be required in cases of acute dacryoadenitis not responding to therapy and cases of chronic dacryoadenitis.
Acute dacryoadenitis is managed with warm compresses, painkillers, and antibiotics if the cause is bacteria. For chronic dacryoadenitis, oral corticosteroids are necessary. If within 3 months the lacrimal gland has not shrunk, consider carrying out a biopsy. Dacryoadenitis caused by infection and not treated immediately can cause complications in the form of orbital or preseptal cellulitis.
Patients with acute dacryoadenitis should be educated that the disease is self-limiting in 4–6 weeks and that antibiotics should only be given unless the infection is of bacterial origin. In patients with chronic dacryoadenitis, provide education regarding the use of corticosteroids and regular screening for coexisting autoimmune disease.
The most common complications are caused by late diagnosis and treatment. Generally, the condition of dacryoadenitis can improve on its own, but some of the complications that can occur in others are ptosis, decreased tear processing, and dry eyes. If dry eye conditions are not treated adequately, further and permanent vision problems due to corneal involvement can occur. Cellulitis, which is an infection around the eyeball cavity, can be a complication of dacryoadenitis.
Dacryoadenitis of unknown cause may recur in up to 15% of patients. Several cases of cancer in the lacrimal gland often experience a misdiagnosis and are recognized as ordinary dacryoadenitis, so, unless you experience this complaint recurring and it doesn’t improve with any treatment, immediately consult a doctor.
Types of Eye Disease
This eye infection usually occurs due to a buildup of oil, dead skin cells, and dirt that clogs the oil glands around the eyelashes, so that bacteria can easily multiply. To heal a stye, you can compress your eyelids with warm water for 5-10 minutes. Repeat these steps at least 3–4 times a day. In addition, avoid using contact lenses and make-up in the eye area for a while.
Conjunctivitis is an infection that occurs in the conjunctiva, which is the lining that covers the white part of the eyeball and the inside of the eyelids. Although not considered serious, this eye infection can cause discomfort. The main causes of conjunctivitis are viral and bacterial infections. Conjunctivitis caused by a bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotics, either in the form of eye drops or eye ointments. Meanwhile, viral conjunctivitis will usually recover by itself after more than one day.
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