Pencil sketching is an extremely popular art form and it’s not surprising why. Drawing with a pencil is easy to carry around and requires just a few essential art tools. With just a few tools , one can create an extremely intricate and stunning piece of art. There are numerous styles which you can draw with the pencil, ranging from simple lines to intricate drawings and sketches. Understanding a variety methods of sketching can take your pencil drawings to an entirely new level and add depth and refinement to the artwork you create. This article will provide a variety of pencil sketching techniques to try when you create your next masterpiece. Find out our most effective sketching tips and tricks

Selecting Your Sketching Equipment

The shades, textures and shadows you’re able to create on the page aren’t limited by your range of options. If you don’t know the proper techniques for your equipment, you could be restricting yourself in a significant way. The majority of graphite pencils are softer and can provide a darker and more soft tone, whereas the harder ones will give an even more robust line and more pointed tip. To make the most of your work using a variety of pencil choices within your sketching kit is vital.

Hatching & Cross-Hatching

They are very popular and effective ways to give depth to your sketches through shading. When it comes to the most well-known pencil drawing styles that improve your sketch, hatching & cross-hatching is among the top on the list of skills that you must master. Hatching is essentially a series of lines used along the main outline of the drawing, to provide shadow and depth. These lines shouldn’t touch. Cross-hatching is the process of drawing lines drawn in the identical manner, however where they meet. The more closely these lines are, the darker the shading of drawings will be.Stippling involves the process of adding dots to create depth and shading, similar to cross-hatching or hatching. The closer the dots appear, the greater the impact. To make sure that your dots stand up and create a more striking impact, use softer graphite for this effect, as it will appear darker.


Everybody has scribbled idle thoughts on a piece of paper when waiting on hold on a phone call. Scribbling, however, is drawing technique that could be extremely effective. The distinctive features of a sketch made with scribbles can be observed by the erratic uneven, sloppy and certainly not straight lines that are found within the sketch. Random movements on the paper results in a somewhat deconstructed image, and the more irregular lines created closer together, the darker the image will appear. Adjust the tone the pencil creates by adjusting the amount of pressure you place on it. To create smooth transitions you can draw small circular strokes that create an appearance that is more blended. It is important to remember that you shouldn’t draw tiny circles with visible lines. Instead, move your pencil in a circular manner when applying pressure. To do this using a more dull pencil, a sharper one works well. To add a cleaner shading element in your sketch, experiment with smooth shading. This can be done in a number of ways, including using your finger or a piece of paper to blend with cross-hatching or hatching. This gives your sketch a smoother appearance. You can also blend simply by angling your pencil to utilize the wider edge making lines more thick. This will make the appearance of shadows and shading.

Creating Highlights

Similar to how you add shading to create depth and shadows to your sketch, you can also draw highlights. Highlights can help indicate the place where the light source is coming from and can add depth, while also showing reflective surfaces. One way to create this effect is to use an eraser to remove some of the pigment , or shading to create lighter areas to indicate an absence of darkness.The method of rendering takes this method to a higher step. Rendering is essentially an approach to sketching pencils in which you apply graphite on your paper, and take it off with an eraser, to give the highlighting effect. It’s a continual process of applying and then removing the graphite, which results in a very soft, almost blurred appearance. When drawing, it’s easy to let your brain take charge and begin to draw what we think is there instead of going with an entirely observational approach and drawing what we actually see-remember Task 1?? A way to combat this problem is to draw lines to observe how the faces align with each other. Using this technique will help you understand how features such as the eyes, hairline cheekbones, nose as well as the cheekbones. interact with each other. Draw vertical and diagonal lines to get a sense of how the positioning of the nose is related to the position of the chin and the mouth and how the corner of the eye interacts the jawline and neck as well as the connection between your eyes and the edge of the nose…I will then teach you how to achieve this. determining the proportions of the head are crucial when it comes to self-portrait drawing. These proportions are generally universal to all faces and must be accurate when creating the portrait. This means that you need to follow these guidelines to sketch out a sketch of a simple drawing making sure to leave all measurement lines, but only to illustrate these rules in practice. Refer to the resource below where there is a much more in-depth step-by-step method for the task.


The charcoal or graphite can be used for this task-I will show how by making use of both! The graphite works well for reflections and midtones while charcoal provides amazing cast shadows and provide the dark contrast we’re looking for. If you’re making use of white paper that is the lightest option, so you should save it for the extreme highlights you observe on your objects. The surroundings or setting where when you sketch your model impacts the subject. The effects can be quite dramatic with reflective objects so it is important to take into account that when setting up your still life for this purpose. Making use of photos is great as they can be rotated! Ideal for practicing. As we’ve seen from the task 1, you will be able to discern and see the shapes better when you flip the image upside down or sideways. Plus the photograph is 2 dimensions and you’re transposing it to a two-dimensional surface, which is your drawing. Nothing beats the real thing you must keep the real objects in their original form right in your view. Achieving the exact shapes of reflections is crucial when drawing metal objects but with cutlery , this can be kept easy since you can set up so no actual objects reflect! Although the contrast of the reflections is crucial for a realistic drawing: from bright white highlights to dark black (or close to black). Also, take a careful review of the objects you set up, can you see the sharp and clean edges of the reflections? You have to be bold when drawing this image.