Engineers who work with electricity and electronics must have a bachelor’s degree. Employers also value practical experience, like internships or participation in cooperative engineering programmes, where students get academic credit for structured work experience.
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Students in high school who want to study electrical or electronics engineering should take physics and math classes, such as algebra, trigonometry, and calculus. Electrical and electronics engineers often have to make technical drawings, so taking courses in drawing is also helpful.
Electrical and electronics engineers usually need a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or a related engineering field. There are classroom, lab, and field studies in the programmes. There are classes on designing digital systems, differential equations, and the theory of electrical circuits. ABET should accredit programmes in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, and electrical engineering technology.
Some colleges and universities have programmes where students can get real-world experience while they are still in school. Cooperative programmes combine learning in the classroom with work in the real world. Internships give the same kind of experience, and there are more and more of them.
Some colleges and universities offer 5-year programmes that lead to both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. An engineer with a graduate degree can teach at some universities or work in research and development.
Electrical and electronics engineers design and make complex electrical systems and electronic parts and products. When they do these tasks, they have to keep track of a lot of different design elements and technical details.
Every project electrical and electronics engineers work on requires them to use what they know to do new things. Also, they have to keep learning so they can keep up with changes in technology.
During the manufacturing process, electrical and electronics engineers must work with others to make sure that their plans are carried out correctly. This collaboration involves keeping an eye on the technicians and coming up with solutions to problems as they come up.
Calculus and other forms of advanced math are used by electrical and electronics engineers to analyse, design, and fix equipment.
Electrical and electronic engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians. They must be able to clearly explain their designs and why they work, as well as pass on instructions during the design and making of a product. They may also have to explain complicated issues to customers who don’t know much about technology or don’t understand it at all.
Electrical and electronics engineers write technical documents about the equipment they design, such as maintenance manuals, operation manuals, parts lists, product proposals, and design methods documents.
Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
For entry-level jobs as electrical and electronics engineers, you don’t need a licence. One can get a Professional Engineering (PE) licence later in their career, which gives them more freedom and leadership opportunities. Engineers who have their licences are called “professional engineers” (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and offer services directly to the public. Getting a licence from a state usually means
• A degree from an engineering programme that has been approved by ABET.
• You need to pass the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) test.
• Work experience in the field, usually at least 4 years
• You must pass the Professional Engineering (PE) exam.
After getting a bachelor’s degree, you can take the first FE exam. When an engineer passes this test, they are usually called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). EITs and EIs can take the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam after meeting the work experience requirements (PE).
Every state has its own licence system. Most states will accept a licence from another state as long as the requirements of that state are the same as or higher than their own. In some states, engineers need to keep taking classes to keep their licences.
Electrical and electronic engineers can move up to supervisory jobs where they lead a group of engineers and technicians. Some may move up to work as engineering or programme managers, which are management positions. Most of the time, an engineer needs to work with a more experienced engineer to get ready for a management position. Check out the profile on architectural and engineering managers to find out more.
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